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Burgundy is a vast wooded region among the most wooded with its surface area covered in broadleaf trees, particularly Oak, and its areas of Douglas fir, a resinous species recently implanted in the region. The region’s wood industry is adjusting to exploiting and transforming the growing volumes of conifers reaching maturity. Diversified, dynamic, and a driver of job creation, it is increasingly recognised by societý for its environment and leisure.
With nearly 960,000 hectares of forest, Burgundy is the sixth most wooded region in France. Over 30% of the region’s surface area is given over to forests while Metropolitan France has woods over 27% of its surface area. Forests are unequally spread throughout Burgundy due to more or less favourable pedoclimatic conditions. Heavily present on the Montagne Bourgignonne or the Morvan, it is much less dense in the Peri-morvandelle Plains and the Bressane Depression. The western part of the region is influenced by the Atlantic and the east has more continental influences.
We can say that the Yonne is a heavily wooded department; in the National Forest Inventory’s last count in 1999, the forests’ total surface area was 221,563 hectares (except poplars), giving a forestation rate of 30%. This rate is above the national rate of 27% and despite a large agricultural surface area.
These forests are largely made up of oak coppice with standards, especially in private forests where it makes up 61% of surface area. We can also note that parcelled broadleaf forests still make up 16% of the surface area of private forests. These are small, isolated woods or some wider populations comprised of smaller parcels laid out in mosaic. Poplar forests are 98% private and cover 2,890 hectares.
77% of the Yonne’s forests are privately owned. The surface area of privately owned forests has increased by around 47% in a century. This redeveloped forest covers a variety of surfaces: limestone rubble-slope where vines have never regrown following attacks of phylloxera, dry land deserted by livestock farmers, etc. It’s mainly made up of small properties, which explains the strong growth in the number of private forest owners.